Metabolomics is the study of small molecules called metabolites.
Metabolomics is an emerging field of “omics” research specializing in the near-global analysis of small-molecule metabolites (<1500 daltons) found in living organisms. Metabolomics is applicable in many disciplines including disease diagnostics, agriculture, food and safety, and pharmaceutical research and development, just to mention a few. The use of metabolomics allows for the discovery of biomarkers, which in turn leads to the development of improved screening methods.
Here are some examples of what the field of metabolomics can do:
There are two approaches to metabolomic analysis: targeted and untargeted.
Targeted: Metabolites, known a priori, are defined by the biological problem and may represent a class of molecules or a specific pathway.
Untargeted: This type of analysis involves identification and quantification of as many metabolites as possible.